After the Yandaboo Treaty, the British occupied the Guwahati City on 24th March 1824 and established as the Capital of Assam. But in 1866 the Capital was shifted to Shillong, The Municipality Act of 1850 was implemented on 1853. In 1864 Municipal Board was authorized to collect taxes and undertake the development activities. Finally, Guwahati was upgraded to a class I municipality in 1878. In 1913 Manik Chandra Barua became the first Non-governmental Chairperson of this corporation.
The Guwahati City is situated between the Southern Bank of Brahmaputra River and the foothill of Shillong Plateau. In the west the LGB International Airport lies and in the East the Narengi Town is situated. The city is gradually expanded to the Northern Bank of Brahmaputra. The shifting of Capital from Shillong to Dispur, Guwahati in 1972 is a significant event for Assam. After that the Guwahati City began to expand rapidly. In 1973 The Guwahati Municipal board was dissolved. With jurisdiction over 300 sq km. the Guwahati Municipal Corporation was formed. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation is the local government and Guwahati Development Authority look after the planning and all round development of Guwahati. This corporation oversees the all round development of city with the help of Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority. Both Guwahati Municipal Corporation and Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority is control by the Guwahati Development Authority. All the funds for the development works carried away by the above two department are releases by GDD (Guwahati Development Department.) GDD also monitor all the works under GMC (Guwahati Municipal Corporation) and GMDA (Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority) Under GDD construction of Permanent Capital Complex has been completed. They also take care of the various schemes of the under Twelve-Finance Commission and monitor all the funds released by the GOI under NLCRR.
GMC (Guwahati Municipal Corporation):
GMC is headed by the 60 elected ward commissioners. The council is headed by a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor. The Commissioner is the executive head of the corporation. GMC provides many different services. The revenue earning services are decided by the Council body and the Commissioner. Some sources for revenue are Property Tax, Markets, Hiring Vehicles, Cesspools, Building Permissions etc. the services provides by GMC are sale of water, registration of birth and deaths, water connections, issue of Trade License, maintenance of GMC buildings, welfare measures for the GMC employees, regulating of the sale of Articles of food, Protection of Parks, Gardens, Public places etc.
GMDA(Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority):
GMDA was established in 1992 as per Guwahati Development Authority Act 1958 (amended). It replaced the former GDD. In order to ensure planned development of the Metropolitan area, GMDA has adopted the Master Plan and Zoning Regulations prepared by the Town and Country Planning Department. The jurisdiction of GMDA covers an area of 328 sq. km. which covers Municipal Corporation area, North Guwahati Town Committee area and some other revenue village. GMDA prepare the Master Plan and Zoning Regulations, Prepare and execute the development schemes. GMDA has also assigned the responsibility of State Level Nodal Agency under JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewable Mission). GMDA give permission for construction of building, sale of land. The authority has completed the construction of three flyovers namely Ganeshguri Flyover, Ulubari Flyover and Sixmile Flyover. The authority has proposed to construct road over bridges over the entire railway over crossing from Maligaon to New Guwahati.
The official Web Site of GMDA is www.gmda.co.in