|Hill Areas Department|
|Government of Assam|
Formerly Hill Areas of Assam comprised of Garo Hills, the United Khasi and Jaintia Hills the Mizo Hills, the United Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills. These hill areas were administered subject to the special provision of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India which confer a certain measure of autonomy on these areas since 1951 - 52. After the separation of Meghalaya and Mizoram in the year 1970, the United Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills district remained in the state of Assam. In 1970, the Mikir Hills was divided into two separate units under two District Councils. Mikir Hills was then renamed as Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills was separated from Mikir Hills and formed a full fledged district under the Sixth Schedule. The district Council has been empowered to make laws, regulations and acts in respect of matters falling within the purview of the District Council as specified in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India. After entrustment of 30 development sectors to both the Autonomous Councils, the officers are also deputed by the Government of Assam under Autonomous Councils. These officers implements the schemes of concerned de velopment sectors under the guidelines and advice of the Autonomous Councils. The Office of the Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam is the monitoring and evaluation authority of the planning works implemented by the Autonomous Councils. The office has to compile the physical and financial progress report quarterly based on the figures furnished by Autonomous Councils and are to be sent to the Planning Commission.Sources of funding from Government of India for implementation of schemes in both the hill districts is one from State Plan which is 90% grant, 10% loan and other from Special Central Assistance (SCA) (Additive Plan), 100% grant. After finalization of plan fund for the state, Planning & Development Department earmarked 7.5% of the state plan fund as the share of Hill Areas and SCA earmarked by Planning Commission, Government of India.
Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam allocates the fund among the development sectors of the two Autonomous Councils in the ratio of 70 : 30. After getting fund Principal Secretary of the Autonomous Councils place budget estimate to the finance department. After reflecting in the budget the Administrative department concern release fund to both the Autonomous Councils in two equal installment, one in April – May and another in September - October. Plan document are to be compiled by this office every year for sending to the Planning Commission. Both the Autonomous Councils send the draft plan proposal as per request and as per guidelines of Planning Commission to Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam. After scrutiny etc. of this proposal, this office has finalized the plan proposal. Meetings are held in Planning Commission, Government of India with Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission and other senior officials. Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam represent Hill Areas Plan in the meeting and both Principal Secretary of Autonomous Councils assists Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam. Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam also review the plan scheme with the Principal Secretary and other official of the Autonomous Council from time to time.
1. Hill Areas Department,